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Thread: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

  1. #701
    Moderator The Quadfather's Avatar
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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

    Deitrich, Perhaps something is being lost in the translation. It might be that you are coming across sounding worse than what you are feeling. It might be best just to drop the subject. I don't think bad of you, and we all want to know when it is going to happen, but Lou doesn't have unlimited time to work on this, if he's like me, he has a lot of irons in the fire. Easy does it.

    The Quadfather

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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

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    :-jon

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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

    i respect the quadfather - a real hardcore quad-dude - lots of years inside the machines and his posts read like prose -- but dietrich - didnt you know that there is at least one silly old bitch in this forum - - dietrich you have a right to ask Lou what the hell is up with the machine - and i would think lou can tell you to "go eat yourself" if he wanted to do so - you are putting the info out in germany about the upcoming prize of the new demod and obviously are speaking up for a group of fans of cd-4 - lou needs those fans because fans = $. you are being quizzed - endlessly - by these buddies - you made light of the situation - i.e. - being the go-between for your friends and this forum - the humor of the use of kids on christmas morning - i get it - even with the bad typing (or really pretty damn good - if you consider how many languages i can type or read or speak) so if some of your nail-biting is lost in translation with the occasional dumbass - who are they to say anything to you if Lou didnt?

    and Lou, bro, $510 bucks? the dude in Germany is right - that aint much dough - and 100 pieces ordered? - nah, that thing is worth a grand - and let people like the german guy keep the orders coming in -- it might not be about the money to begin with - but sell a few thousand of them at a grand and theres some more mattress stuffing for you!

    i didnt bother to write "sign me up for one" because i had a - i-will-believe-it-when-i-see-it-attitude - but $510? - i figured that would be a deposit! sign me up for 2! then i can play all 6 of my cd-4 albums...eh....maybe.

    i will apologize for my aggressive tone for myself - i am sorry for my aggressive tone.

  4. #704
    Prehistoric 4-ch Lizard Quadzilla's Avatar
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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

    Quote Originally Posted by w.a.reid View Post
    - didnt you know that there is at least one silly old bitch in this forum -
    Are you referring to me?

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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

    Hello Lou!
    What kind of bias currents are we talking about with a strain gauge cartridge like the EPC-450C-II? And what voltage levels do these devices then output? (I guess this is a function of (partly) the bias.) And no RIAA curve implementation in the elecronics, but is some compensation of the frequency response of the transducer required?

    Rolv-Karsten

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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

    Hello Discrete Quad record owners,

    rolvkarsten,

    The bias current is 5 ma per side. A restive load with carbon film resistors is preferable. Must be very low noise. No RIAA eq is required and one side must have it's signal inverted.

    Lou Dorren

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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

    Thank you, Lou.
    One side inverted; Do you mean an instrumentation amplifier topology?
    I understand the strain gauge has a inherent 6dB/oct rolloff, matching to some degree, but not quite, the RIAA curve. Any comments on this?
    (I am asking all these questions because I am trying to get a EPC-4xx somewhere (e.g. ebay).

    Regds

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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

    Please add me to your list :-)
    Valkvae

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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

    Valkvae, you should put your post into the other thread - pre-order list. :^)

    Doug

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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

    I must comment on the RIAA deviation of the strain gauge cartridges, as if these have a first order rolloff, I cannot understand anything other than they have a ca. 6 dB error at e.g. 5 khz compared to 1 kHz.
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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

    Hello CD-4 Quadraphures,

    rolvkarsten,

    The semiconductor phono pickup is a variable resistance device and not a generator like MM or MC pickups. The natural response therefore is a 6 dB per octave roll off. The RIAA curve is actually a 6dB per octave slope broken up slightly at the middle.

    In the theoretical Ideal RIAA curve, the first 6dB per octave section starts at 50Hz and stops at 500Hz. This is followed by a flat section that starts at 500Hz and ends at 2122Hz. The 1KHz 0dB reference level is in this flat area and is used as the overall curve reference. The second 6dB per octave section starts at 2122Hz and continues to 15KHz in the CD-4 system.

    The absolute realization of the ideal curve in the cutter pre-emphasis and playback de-emphasis networks is impractical. The compromise is to insure that the networks are at the 0dB point when crossing 1KHz.

    To insure that the semiconductor pickup follows the curve a slight tweak is added to the pickup elements to provide the 0dB point crossing. Euphonics and Technics used this method to simplify the pre-amplifier. Soundsmith puts their tweak in the pre-amp. Either method will yield proper results.

    The semiconductor pickup is biased and therefore requires one of the two channels to have a 180 degree phase inversion.

    Someone asked me awhile back about the Technics 3480 CD-4 demodulator which was the first one that I modified with limiting and Phase Lock Loop. It was the unit that I used to convince RCA to adopt CD-4 Quadraphonic record technology. I have included a picture of one.

    For all of you, the last image is the circuit board parts placement legend for the new demodulator.

    Lou Dorren
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  12. #712
    Member rolvkarsten's Avatar
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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

    Lou.

    If you extend the first 6 dB/octave section of the RIAA curve further from 500 Hz you will at 2122 Hz have a level approximately 12.5 dB below the RIAA level. In my view - considering the strain gauge cartridge having a 6 dB/octave rolloff -this gives the strain gauge an error of 12.5 dB at 2122 Hz.

    Now, you say that the absolute RIAA realization at the encoding stage is impractical/not used. I also understand from your post that the strain gauge cartridge response is slightly tweaked, in other words not straight 6 dB/octave. So this makes it all more understandable for me.

    I understand the strain gauge has to be biased, but I don't understand the need for one channel to have a 180 degrees phase inversion.

    Thank you for your reply!

    BTW I was looking after a Panasonic at ebay, but the last one went for over USD260. I am in great doubt if such an old cartridge can be worth this much. On the other hand, maybe it is, because maybe the old amplifiers did not at all made justice to the concept.

    All the best
    Rolv-Karsten

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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

    Hello 4 channel Buffs,

    rolvkarsten

    The semiconductor pickup has a left and a right section. The anodes of both are biased from a plus supply voltage through a load resistor for each side. If the stylus tracks a lateral grove (mono or L+R), one channel of the pickup will output mono while the other channel will output -mono. This also happens with MM or MC pickups, but because they do not require bias, the manufacturer can simply reverse the leads of one channel internally. To correct the problem in the semiconductor pickup a 180 degree phase inversion is required in one channel of the preamp.

    Lou Dorren

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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

    Thank you, Lou!
    RK

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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!


    While at the topic; Here is the Win SDT-10 taken from an article in Swedish "Radio & Television" November 1975 (issue 11/1975)

    Rolv-karsten
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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

    Ah, so yet another strain gauge cartridge! I wonder how many different models there actually have been?

    Do you know if the SDT-10 came with a Shibata or similar stylus Rolv?

    Doug

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    Smile Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

    Quote Originally Posted by loudorren View Post
    Hello 4 channel Buffs,

    rolvkarsten

    The semiconductor pickup has a left and a right section. The anodes of both are biased from a plus supply voltage through a load resistor for each side. If the stylus tracks a lateral grove (mono or L+R), one channel of the pickup will output mono while the other channel will output -mono. . To correct the problem in the semiconductor pickup a 180 degree phase inversion is required in one channel of the preamp.

    Lou Dorren
    yes but it's soooo much better when you don't do that and just reverse the polarity of one of your speakers instead..
    Last edited by ChristopherLees; 08-16-2009 at 11:53 PM.

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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

    Quote Originally Posted by ChristopherLees View Post
    yes but it's soooo much better when don't do that and just reverse the polarity of one of your speakers instead..
    I thought a polarity reversal was a polarity reversal? And that the end result was the same.

    RK

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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

    Quote Originally Posted by Doug G. View Post
    Ah, so yet another strain gauge cartridge! I wonder how many different models there actually have been?

    Do you know if the SDT-10 came with a Shibata or similar stylus Rolv?

    Doug
    I do not know, Lou. All text in the article was the one underneath that picture and that does not mention the type of stylus. However, I googled "Win SDT-10" and one text indicated the SDT-10 was from the mid-sixties, so probably not Shibata. But it could have been changed to Shibata later of course.
    BTW I remember that Jon Iverson made the Electro Research EK-1 preamp to go with the Panasonic cartridges. (EK = Electro Kinetics.) I think that preamp is as rare as an unicorn!
    Seems all these strain gauges are higly regarded by the "insiders". Maybe I should buy that USD600 one at ebay after all...
    Anyway, I'll do some more research on the Win and its stylus!

    Rolv-Karsten

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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

    Quote Originally Posted by ChristopherLees View Post
    yes but it's soooo much better when don't do that and just reverse the polarity of one of your speakers instead..
    I would also like to know why it is soooo much better to reverse the polarity of the leads to one speaker.

    Then one would have to remember to change it back when using a regliar cartridge.

    The phase reversal of one channel is done in the dedicated circuitry for the strain gauge cartridge and doesn't affect the input from a magnetic.

    Doug

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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

    Doh! Color me dorked up! I should have remembered that the WIN SDT-10 is the cartridge designed by MR. Sao Win!

    And then he licensed his design to Panasonic for their own cartridges which became the EPC-450C, 450C II, 451C and 460C.

    I don't think I would buy the 600 dollar cartridge, Rolv. That is definitely a gouge! Maybe there will be others in auctions that only get to 200+ dollars :^)

    Doug

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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

    Thank you for the advice, Doug. That's a good advice.
    I was prepared to pay 150 when the broken one went for 108. But above 100 is enough, I believe. But the market rules, you know!

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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

    Quote Originally Posted by Doug G. View Post
    I would also like to know why it is soooo much better to reverse the polarity of the leads to one speaker.

    Then one would have to remember to change it back when using a regliar cartridge.

    The phase reversal of one channel is done in the dedicated circuitry for the strain gauge cartridge and doesn't affect the input from a magnetic.

    Doug
    as one channel has extra circuitry to correct a phase issue, you end up with different electronics in each channel...urrrghhh..

    compare that with just a polarity switch on one speaker wire, and the answer is a no brainer.......and it doesn't take long to change the speaker wire polarity on one channel....miles quicker than changing anything else...and why would you ever need to change turntables/cartridges /preamps anyway...if you have the strain guage working properly into a good sounding dedicated box..
    In the mid 1970's I had a Sao win cartridge into my own valve box , which my brother had made/designed, it had enough gain to go straight into an audio research d76a poweramp...it was fantastic..just reverse the negative /positive at one end of one speaker wire..which at the time were a set of magneplanar tympani 1D's...

    The Box that Sao Win provided with his cartridge was not an exciting piece of
    electronics to listen to...sonically it sucked.....and that's putting it mildly..some of my friends used less kinder words like
    "heap of s%^t"....and there were some issues with the cartridges..from my memory of thirty years ago they varied a bit, you could get a good sounding one and an awesome sounding one..he also had some hand made ones that were better than the production models..

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    1K Club - QQ Shooting Star ChristopherLees's Avatar
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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

    Quote Originally Posted by rolvkarsten View Post
    I thought a polarity reversal was a polarity reversal? And that the end result was the same.

    RK
    not when electronics are used, in only one channel of the preamp to correct a 180 degree phase inversion , vs no extra electronics and a simple speaker wire phase reversal

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    Default Re: Lou Dorren: A new CD-4 Demodulator!!!

    Quote Originally Posted by ChristopherLees View Post
    as one channel has extra circuitry to correct a phase issue, you end up with different electronics in each channel...urrrghhh..

    compare that with just a polarity switch on one speaker wire, and the answer is a no brainer.......and it doesn't take long to change the speaker wire polarity on one channel....miles quicker than changing anything else...and why would you ever need to change turntables/cartridges /preamps anyway...if you have the strain guage working properly into a good sounding dedicated box..
    In the mid 1970's I had a Sao win cartridge into my own valve box , which my brother had made/designed, it had enough gain to go straight into an audio research d76a poweramp...it was fantastic..just reverse the negative /positive at one end of one speaker wire..which at the time were a set of magneplanar tympani 1D's...

    The Box that Sao Win provided with his cartridge was not an exciting piece of
    electronics to listen to...sonically it sucked.....and that's putting it mildly..some of my friends used less kinder words like
    "heap of s%^t"....and there were some issues with the cartridges..from my memory of thirty years ago they varied a bit, you could get a good sounding one and an awesome sounding one..he also had some hand made ones that were better than the production models..

    Seems Lou (around TP17 phono schematics at pg 24 of this thread) in one channel has an inverting opamp in the signal path, while in the other a non-inverting. And as I understand this the output signals from the analogue switch (or whatever it is) are summed and sent to the output buffer and further on. The summing is really not a summing. The mux selects either MM/MC or SG, but the MUX outputs goes to this summing eventually.
    So different electronics for left and right with strain gauge. I doubt very much one is able to hear this!
    Please correct me if I am wrong, I just quickly looked at the schematics.

    BTW I am curious about the boxes provided with the old SGs, Technics and Panasonic CD-4 demodulators from the seventies... Probably no match for even better MC and MM amplifiers of the day. Then you mention Win's own not so good box. Probably the EK-1 was good (but still 1980 tech), and Rowland Research had a box. So... Requiring dedicated - maybe not that good sounding - interface amplifiers did not make it possible for the SGs to shine through. But can a 1975 SG from Panasonic aspire to some almost state of the art title in 2009 even with state og the art interface electronics?

    Rolv-Karsten

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